Tom Kelley on How to Inspire Creativity in Your Company
“If you acknowledge that creative thoughts are the engine that drives innovation, suddenly creativity becomes really important.”
- Tom Kelley, IDEO Partner
Tom Kelley has been a partner at IDEO for over 30 years. He's helped grow the company from 15 to more than 700 employees and expand beyond solely product design to designing services and systems in areas including healthcare, government, and education.
In our recent Creative Confidence webinar series, we talked with Tom about scaling creativity and unlocking creative potential throughout an organization. Here are a few of our favorite highlights:
Reframe the Challenge
Sometimes the hardest part isn't solving the problem, it's identifying the problem. There's a step that comes before problem solving, we used to call it need finding and now we call it design research. Gaining a deeper understanding of customer needs is essential in reframing the problem and should happen before problem solving. By reframing, we avoid an overly narrow focus on the problem and open ourselves to the possibility of finding deeper, more meaningful problems to solve.
Set the Conditions for Creative Confidence
Set the tone for experimentation
Leaders need to be thoughtful about the way they invite participation. There are unwritten rules of the culture. For example, if the tiniest failure gets punished, then people understand that in the unwritten rules of the culture failure is not okay.
Squint at early ideas
“Squinting” is a great method for keeping an open mind when hearing about ideas still in their early stages. When you squint, you ignore the surface details and ask yourself, is there a kernel of an idea here? It’s also a way to welcome ideas early before people are too attached to them.
Allow the free flow of ideas
Never let the hierarchy of decision making get in the way of the free flow of ideas. If you’re the leader in a large organization, you’ve got to make it easy for everyone (even the introverts) to have their ideas heard and seen.
One metric for creativity is the number of experiments being run. Another is the percent of revenue from ideas that came about in the last 5 years.
At IDEO, we also have a tool for measuring creativity called Creative Difference where we use survey data to find out where the pockets of creativity are in an organization and where they’re lagging behind.
Creative Company Webinar Chapters
(1:36) Tom’s journey: What did you do prior to IDEO?
(3:56) Changes at IDEO: IDEO’s transformation since the shopping cart video.
(6:50) Work in Japan: A venture capital firm that helps startups use the tools of design thinking.
(7:45) Creative leadership: Get in touch with your own creativity and nurture it in others.
(9:13) Creativity transformations: Personal transformations usually come from trial and error.
(11:41) Tom’s transformation: Becoming a public speaker when Art of Innovation came out.
(14:45) Creative problem solving in orgs: Importance of need finding prior to problem solving.
(18:17) Hierarchy + ideas: Never let the hierarchy of decision making get in the way of the free flow of ideas.
(21:48) Squinting at early ideas: Ignore the surface details, ask yourself, is their a kernel of an idea here?
(26:05) Design thinking in large orgs: Start small, find a small core team that’s already enthusiastic about design thinking and find something to work on.
(31:03) Digital transformation: Find a reverse mentor who is effortlessly in touch with all the digital trends.
(35:23) Experimenting in big companies: Set a metric around how many experiments you’re currently doing.(38:33) Metrics for creativity: IDEO’s Creative Difference tool
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